In Scripture

The Olive Branch as symbol of peace

“The dove came to him toward evening, and behold, in her beak was a freshly picked olive leaf.So Noah knew that the water was abated from the earth.”

(Genesis 8:11)

The Sabbatical Year

“But on the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, so that the needy of your people may eat; and whatever they leave the beast of the field may eat. You are to do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove."

(Exodus 23:11)

Oil in the Tent of Meeting

“And you shall command the people of Israel that they bring to you pure beaten olive oil for the light that a lamp may be set up to burn continually.”

(Exodus 27:20)

Produce of the Promised Land

“And you shall command the people of Israel that they bring to you pure beaten olive oil for the light that a lamp may be set up to burn continually.”

(Deuteronomy 8:7,8)

Jotham’s fable

“Once the trees went forth to anoint a king over them, and they said to the olive tree, ‘Reign over us!’ But the olive tree said unto them, 'Shall I leave my fatness with which God and men are honored and go to hold sway over the trees’?”

(Judges 9:8.9)

Olive Shoots in Prophecy

“Then a shoot will spring forth from the stem of Jesse, And a branch from his roots will bear fruit. The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and strength, the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.“

(Isaiah 11:1,2)

Why the Israelites should not anoint a king

“He will take the best of your fields and your vineyards and your olive groves and give them to his servants.”

(I Samuel 8:14)

Oil of Anointment

"Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers, and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward.”

(I Samuel 16:13)

The Cherubim in the Temple of Solomon

“Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high”

(I Kings 6:23)

Olive Oil as symbol of joy

“You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness. Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.”

(Psalms 45:7)

“You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness, therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your companions.”

(Hebrews 1:9)

Symbol of the righteous, who take refuge in the protection of God

“But as for me, I am like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the loving-kindness of God forever and ever.“

(Psalm 52:8)

Olive Shoots as a symbol of continuity

“Your wife shall be like a fruitful vine within your house; your children like olive shoots round about your table.“

(Psalms 128:3)

Olive Tree as a symbol of beauty

“His shoots will sprout, and his beauty will be like the olive tree. And his fragrance like the cedars of Lebanon.“

(Hosea 14:6)

Celebrating the Festival of Tabernacles

“So they proclaimed and circulated a proclamation in all their cities and in Jerusalem, saying ‘Go out to the hills, and bring olive branches and branches of wild olive, myrtle branches, palm branches and branches of other leafy trees, to make booths, as it is written’.“

(Nehemiah 8:15)

Olive Oil for healing

“So they set off to preach repentance; and they cast out many devils, and anointed many sick people with oil and cured them.“

(Mark 6:13)

Metaphor for Faith

“But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, a wild olive shoot, were grafted in their place to share the rich root of the olive tree, do not boast over the branches. If you do boast, remember that it is not you that support the root, but the root that supports you. You will say, ‘Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in’.”

(Romans 11:17-19)